Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

“Water is fundamental for life and health. The human right to water is indispensable for leading a healthy life in human dignity. It is a prerequisite to the realization of all other human rights.”

-The United Nations Committee on Economic, Cultural and Social Rights-

BRAC believes every person on earth should have access to clean drinking water, toilets, and receive education about sanitary practices like handwashing.


Our water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs break the cycle of contamination caused by limited, if any, access to toilets latrines and safe water sources, especially in rural areas. Nearly one in three worldwide – 2.5 billion people – don’t have access to adequate sanitation and nearly one in nine – 800 million people – don’t have access to clean water.

Our Approach

WASH Committees


BRAC takes a group approach to inspire positive behavior change around proper water, sanitation and hygiene practices. Across Bangladesh, BRAC has helped set up more than 65,000 village WASH committees, giving each community an independent role in their development. Committee members are trained to be community leaders and to assess the existing water and sanitation situation of their village and identify issues.

Access to Clean Water


To increase access to safe water, BRAC establishes water safety plans, installs deep tube wells, tests water quality and provides loans to construct tube well platforms which protect water from contamination. BRAC prioritizes arsenic and saline-prone areas, where it provides alternative water technologies such as arsenic removal filters, pond sand filters and piped water supply systems.

Sanitation & Hygiene



To increase access to latrines, BRAC provides both technical assistance to ensure proper design and site selection, and loans for those who cannot afford to pay.Two-pit latrine construction materials, including superstructures and mini water tanks, are offered to ultra poor families free of cost. BRAC cluster meetings create awareness about the use of safe water, sanitary latrines and good hygiene practices.

Program Highlights

Bringing WASH to Schools

Bringing WASH to Schools

Through student WASH committees, BRAC has seen great success providing peer-to-peer education around safe water, sanitation and hygiene practices to the poorest children in Dhaka and Chittagong cities. Watch more
Frugal Innovation

Frugal Innovation

BRAC leads the way in spreading ORS. BRAC’s Oral Therapy Extension Program in Bangladesh teaches poor, often illiterate mothers, in rural communities how to make oral rehydration solution (ORS), a simple but lifesaving water-salt-sugar solution for children with diarrhea. Since 1980, BRAC has been instrumental in developing ORS training methods, and has trained over 12 million women and saved countless lives. Read more
Islands of Hope Amid Flash Floods

Islands of Hope Amid Flash Floods

BRAC brings sanitation to the haors, or wetlands, of Bangladesh by constructing floating latrines that rise in the face of flooding. In addition, BRAC is piloting its Integrated Development Program to bring a holistic set of services including health, education and livelihood training, to these vulnerable communities. Read more

Our Impact

WASH Goes to School: A Lesson in Good Hygiene

Since 2006, BRAC WASH programs have supported more than 5,000 schools to set up student WASH committees to leverage a peer-to-peer training model for hygiene, and to construct toilet facilities, including separate facilities for girls to meet their menstrual needs. Meet Anjan Barua and Nasrin Akther, teachers, and Samia Hoq, a student brigade member at one such school in Bangladesh.